A coffee estate is a large commercial farm that specializes in the cultivation and production of coffee beans. These estates can range in size from a few hectares to several thousand hectares. Coffee plants are typically grown in rows, spaced several meters apart, and are tended to by skilled workers who are trained in the proper techniques for caring for the plants and ensuring a high-quality crop. The coffee plants take several years to mature and start producing coffee cherries, which are then hand-picked when they are ripe. The cherries are then processed to remove the outer layer and reveal the coffee beans inside, which are then dried, sorted, and packaged for sale.