1947 AD

Kodagu was ruled by a minor dynasty called Kongalvas who were the subordinates of the Cholas. Their inscriptions are found at Malambi, Menasa, and Mullur. There are at least 16 inscriptions in Mullur, Somawarpet taluk, and throw valuable light on Jainism which was prevalent in the area. The next two centuries saw the rule of another dynasty known as Changalvas. Their inscriptions are found at Herur, Srimangala, Goni Marur, and Mullur. Though the Hoysalas became powerful and issued hundreds of inscriptions, only four of them have been found in Kodagu. Even they are hero-stones. Inscriptions at Palur and Bhagamandala refer to a king by the name of Bodharupa (1380) who has not been identified so far properly. It is again surprising that only one inscription of the Vijayanagar period here at Mullur refers to a gift by Harihara II to a Jain temple. However, the Belur chiefs are represented here by three of their inscriptions. With the rule of Kodagu Rajas from 1633 to 1834 first from Haleri and later from Madikeri, inscriptions begin to appear in more numbers. Though these Rajas are Veerashaivas, they claim to belong to the Lunar race, Bharadwaja gotra, Alwalayana sutra, and Rigveda. Their capital Haleri is Sanskritised as Kshirapura (milk city). A peculiarity of their inscription is the mention of the Kaliyuga in terms of not years but days. For example, the construction of the commencement of the Omkaresh-wara temple took place on 1796392nd Kaliyuga day and it was completed on 1797421st Kaliyuga day. Thus it took 1029 days to build the temple. An inscription carved on the back of a silver elephant refers to king Lingaraja II hunting elephants in the Balyatare forest area. He is recorded to have killed 34 elephants and captured 8 cubs alive. To commemorate this great event he prepared a silver elephant with an inscription on its back and gifted it to Subbaraya temple at padi. This is a unique record. Another inscription refers to the meritorious service rendered by Biddandra Bopu in wars against Tipu Sultan and also in elephant hunting. Bopu's son was B. Somayya and he also served the Rajas with great devotion on his death, he was also buried by the side of the samadhi of his father in the enclosure of the Raja's tombs. While one of the inscriptions refers in detail to the construction of the Omkareshwara temple, it is significant to note the stipulation that the accounts of the temple should be audited annually.